Valerian root is in the Caprifoliaeae (Honeysuckle) family. There are many species of valerian, most medicinal, commonly used as an herbal sleep aid. Roots are the most commonly used but the leaves may also be used for medicine, though they are less potent than the roots. 

Identification 

Valerian grows from 1 to 5 feet tall depending on the location and the soil conditions. It was a straight round stem that is topped by an umbrella-like flower head. Its opposite dark green leaves have a pinnate blade with 6 to 11 pairs of terminal leaflets. These leaflets have prickly margins and are hairy underneath. Valerian flowers are in branched batches and each flower is about ⅕ in long. They are tiny white to pink blossoms. The flower has three stamens and a distinctive scent. 

Valerian Root 

Medicinal Uses

Insomnia: Many people, including myself, report that they get to sleep faster and can sleep longer without warning when consuming valerian root. They also report that they awaken refreshed without residual drowsiness. It can become habit forming so only use it when needed. 

Anxiety and Panic Attacks: Valerian root has a calming effect that is beneficial to people with panic and anxiety disorders. Known as a nerve tonic, calming and soothing to the nervous system.

Epilepsy:  Has a relaxing effect on the muscles of the body. For regular usage use a dosage of 100 mg to 1 gram of dried or powdered root. Start with a low dosage, depending on the person’s size and the severity of the disease, and increase it gradually until you find a level that works. Consult with your herbalist or medical consultant to be sure it works with any other medications you could be taking.

Menstrual Cramps:  Because of valerian root’s analgesic properties and its ability to relax the smooth muscles this herb makes a good treatment for pain and cramping during menstruation.

Quitting Smoking: Valerian root is calming and helps lessen the effects of nicotine withdrawal. It especially helps with the irritability people often experience when quitting. Use in tincture form for this. 

Harvesting

Cut the flowering tops off as they appear. This enables better development of the root. In the first year, many of the young plants do not flower but produce luxuriant crop levels. Harvest enter root system; planting some back for utter harvests. Slice roots into small sections and dry for future use. 

Dried Valerian roots in a wooden spoon

WARNING

Valerian exerts a quieting and soothing influence on the brain and nervous system. However, in large repeated doses it can cause headaches, heaviness, and stupor. It can become addictive, only use it when needed. 

Valerian root is one of multiple herbs used in our Insomnia Tincture and Insomnia Tea. Releasing a sweet potent flavor to the blend. ORDER HERE